Trump White House Speech CoronaVirus

川普面向全国的电视讲话 – 病毒和疫情 (中英文)

美国同胞们,今晚我想跟你们谈谈我们国家针对冠状病毒所采取的史无前例的应对措施。这次疫情从中国开始,目前正在全世界传播。今天,世界卫生组织已经正式定性为全球大流行。

我们一直与盟国保持密切联系,而且我们正在动用政府的一切能力保护美国人民。这是现代历史上对抗外来病毒的最积极和最全面的努力。我有信心,通过继续采取这些严厉措施,我们将大大减少对美国人民的威胁,最终将迅速消灭病毒。

有史以来,各个国家和人民都面临着不可预知的挑战,包括大规模和非常危险的健康威胁。过去如此,将来也不会停歇。重要的是你如何应对。我们已经快速并且专业地采取了应对措施,我们的团队也是世界上最优秀的。

疫情爆发初期,我们对中国实行了全面的旅行限制,并且50多年来第一次采取联邦强制隔离措施。由于病毒的可怕传播,我们随即宣布了公共卫生紧急状态,并且针对其他国家发出了最高级别的旅行警告。

正是由于这些早期的强硬措施,美国目前的病例少于欧洲。欧盟未能采取同样的防疫措施,也没有限制从中国和其他热点地区进入的游客,以至于现在美国局部爆发的病例,来自欧洲。

我在跟高级卫生官员协商之后,决定采取一些有力但必要的行动,以保护所有美国人的健康。为了防止新病例进入我们的国家,我们将在接下来的30天内暂停所有从欧洲到美国的旅行。新规定将于周五午夜生效。旅行限制将根据当地情况进行调整。

美国公民会被特许回国,但是也必须经过适当的体检。

这些禁令不仅适用于大量的贸易和货物,而且在我们获得(国会)批准之后还适用于其他各种情况。从欧洲到美国的任何事物都是我们正在讨论的范围。但是英国除外。

与此同时,我们正在密切关注中国和韩国的局势。随着两地情况的改善,我们将重新评估目前的限制和旅行警告,可能的情况下会提前开放。

本周初,我会见了健康保险行业的领导人,他们同意免除治疗冠状病毒的所有自付费用,将医保范围扩大到这些治疗,不会给病人一个出乎意料的账单。我们正在削减大量的官僚程序,争取在创纪录的时间内提供抗病毒药物。所有这些措施将大大减少病毒的影响和传播范围。

此外,我签署了一项83亿美元的资助法案,用以帮助CDC和其他政府机构抗击病毒,支持疫苗,治疗方法和医疗物资的配发。病毒检测的能力正在迅速扩展各个地方机构,每一天都有快速进展。

对于绝大多数美国人来说,感染病毒的风险仍然非常非常低。即使感染,年轻人和健康的人应该能够快速康复。风险最大的群体是有基础病的老年人。因此,老年人必须非常非常小心。我们正在修改养老院的管理办法,将暂停所有不必要的访问,除非是医疗所需。一般来说,年长的美国人应避免去人多的地方。我的政府一直在和疫情最严重的社区直接联系,我们已发布有关停课,保持距离,和减少大型聚会的指南。

今天的明智将阻止明天的病毒传播。

每个社区面临着不同的风险,请务必遵循当地卫生官员的指导。他们正在和联邦医务专家们紧密合作。他们是最优秀的专家。

对于所有美国人而言,至关重要的是,每个人都应采取额外的预防措施并保持良好的卫生习惯。我们每个人在击败病毒方面都可以发挥作用。勤洗手,清洁经常使用的东西,如果打喷嚏或咳嗽,请遮挡你的脸部和嘴巴。如果您已经生病或者感觉不适,请呆在家里。为了确保受病毒影响的美国人可以留在家里而不必担心经济困难,我将很快采取紧急行动 – 前所未有 – 提供财政救济。这项措施将针对有工作的人,包括本人感染冠状病毒,或者是正在隔离,或者是照顾他人。 我将要求国会采取立法行动以延长这一救济。

由于我们过去三年所制定的政策,我们的经济是迄今为止世界上最强劲的。我们的银行和金融机构,拥有充足的资本,非常稳定。我们的失业率处于历史最低水平。巨大的经济繁荣为我们提供了灵活性,储备和资源来应对我们所遇到的任何威胁。

病毒不是金融危机,这只是一个短暂的时刻,我们作为一个国家,将和整个世界共同克服困难,度过难关。

为了给美国工人,家庭和企业提供额外的支持,现在我宣布采取以下附加措施。

我已经指示小型企业管理部门(SBA)动用自己的权限,向受到病毒影响的公司提供资金和流动性支持。从现在开始,SBA将向受灾地区提供经济贷款。这些低息贷款将帮助小企业克服由病毒引起的暂时性资金波动。为此,我要求国会为该计划再增加500亿美元的投入。

我将动用紧急状态下的行政权力,指示财政部推迟收税,而且不会征收利息和罚款,用以照顾受到病毒影响的个人和企业。此举将为经济带来超过2,000亿美元的额外流动资金。

我呼吁国会立即减免工资税 (payroll tax),希望他们会积极考虑这一提议。

我们正处于抗击病毒的关键时刻。我们针对中国疫情采取了早期行动, 这是挽救生命的举措 。现在我们必须对欧洲采取同样的行动。我们不会拖延。

我将毫不犹豫地采取任何必要措施,保护美国人民的生命,健康和安全。我将永远把美国人民的福祉放在第一位。

如果我们保持警惕,减少感染的机会(我们一定能做到),那么我们将大大阻碍病毒的传播。

我们一定能够战胜病毒!

没有哪个国家比美国更有准备或更具韧性。我们拥有世界上最强劲的经济,最先进的医疗保健系统,最伟大的医生,和充足的资源。

让我们荣辱与共。

我们必须抛开政治,停止两党纷争,团结一致,为一个国家和一个大家庭奋斗。

历史一次又一次地证明,美国人民每一次都能直面危机,冲出逆境。我们的未来比任何人想象的都更加光明。我们会以同情和爱心行事,治愈病人,照顾弱者,帮助所有同胞,最终一定会战胜挑战,再次腾飞,而且会比以往任何时候都更加强大,更加团结。

上帝保佑大家,上帝保佑美国!

谢谢。


以下是演说视频,因为是YouTube,国内读者看不到:

英文演讲稿,来自白宫官网:

Oval Office

9:02 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT:  My fellow Americans: Tonight, I want to speak with you about our nation’s unprecedented response to the
coronavirus outbreak that started in China and is now spreading throughout the world.

Today, the World Health Organization officially announced that this is a global pandemic.

We have been in frequent contact with our allies, and we are marshalling the full power of the federal government and the private sector to protect the American people.

This is the most aggressive and comprehensive effort to confront a foreign virus in modern history.  I am confident that by counting and continuing to take these tough measures, we will significantly reduce the threat to our citizens, and we will ultimately and expeditiously defeat this virus.

From the beginning of time, nations and people have faced unforeseen challenges, including large-scale and very dangerous health threats.  This is the way it always was and always will be.  It only matters how you respond, and we are responding with great speed and professionalism.

Our team is the best anywhere in the world.  At the very start of the outbreak, we instituted sweeping travel restrictions on China and put in place the first federally mandated quarantine in over 50 years.  We declared a public health emergency and issued the highest level of travel warning on other countries as the virus spread its horrible infection.

And taking early intense action, we have seen dramatically fewer cases of the virus in the United States than are now present in Europe.

The European Union failed to take the same precautions and restrict travel from China and other hotspots.  As a result, a large number of new clusters in the United States were seeded by travelers from Europe.

After consulting with our top government health professionals, I have decided to take several strong but necessary actions to protect the health and wellbeing of all Americans.

To keep new cases from entering our shores, we will be suspending all travel from Europe to the United States for the next 30 days.  The new rules will go into effect Friday at midnight.  These restrictions will be adjusted subject to conditions on the ground.

There will be exemptions for Americans who have undergone appropriate screenings, and these prohibitions will not only apply to the tremendous amount of trade and cargo, but various other things as we get approval.  Anything coming from Europe to the United States is what we are discussing.  These restrictions will also not apply to the United Kingdom.

At the same time, we are monitoring the situation in China and in South Korea.  And, as their situation improves, we will reevaluate the restrictions and warnings that are currently in place for a possible early opening.

Earlier this week, I met with the leaders of health insurance industry who have agreed to waive all copayments for coronavirus treatments, extend insurance coverage to these treatments, and to prevent surprise medical billing.

We are cutting massive amounts of red tape to make antiviral therapies available in record time.  These treatments will significantly reduce the impact and reach of the virus.

Additionally, last week, I signed into law an $8.3 billion funding bill to help CDC and other government agencies fight the virus and support vaccines, treatments, and distribution of medical supplies.  Testing and testing capabilities are expanding rapidly, day by day.  We are moving very quickly.

The vast majority of Americans: The risk is very, very low.  Young and healthy people can expect to recover fully and quickly if they should get the virus.  The highest risk is for elderly population with underlying health conditions.  The elderly population must be very, very careful.

In particular, we are strongly advising that nursing homes for the elderly suspend all medically unnecessary visits.  In general, older Americans should also avoid nonessential travel in crowded areas.

My administration is coordinating directly with communities with the largest outbreaks, and we have issued guidance on school closures, social distancing, and reducing large gatherings.

Smart action today will prevent the spread of the virus tomorrow.

Every community faces different risks and it is critical for you to follow the guidelines of your local officials who are working closely with our federal health experts — and they are the best.

For all Americans, it is essential that everyone take extra precautions and practice good hygiene.  Each of us has a role to play in defeating this virus.  Wash your hands, clean often-used surfaces, cover your face and mouth if you sneeze or cough, and most of all, if you are sick or not feeling well, stay home.

To ensure that working Americans impacted by the virus can stay home without fear of financial hardship, I will soon be taking emergency action, which is unprecedented, to provide financial relief.  This will be targeted for workers who are ill, quarantined, or caring for others due to coronavirus.

I will be asking Congress to take legislative action to extend this relief.

Because of the economic policies that we have put into place over the last three years, we have the greatest economy anywhere in the world, by far.

Our banks and financial institutions are fully capitalized and incredibly strong.  Our unemployment is at a historic low.  This vast economic prosperity gives us flexibility, reserves, and resources to handle any threat that comes our way.

This is not a financial crisis, this is just a temporary moment of time that we will overcome together as a nation and as a world.

However, to provide extra support for American workers, families, and businesses, tonight I am announcing the following additional actions:  I am instructing the Small Business Administration to exercise available authority to provide capital and liquidity to firms affected by the coronavirus.

Effective immediately, the SBA will begin providing economic loans in affected states and territories.  These low-interest loans will help small businesses overcome temporary economic disruptions caused by the virus.  To this end, I am asking Congress to increase funding for this program by an additional $50 billion.

Using emergency authority, I will be instructing the Treasury Department to defer tax payments, without interest or penalties, for certain individuals and businesses negatively impacted.  This action will provide more than $200 billion of additional liquidity to the economy.

Finally, I am calling on Congress to provide Americans with immediate payroll tax relief.  Hopefully they will consider this very strongly.

We are at a critical time in the fight against the virus.  We made a life-saving move with early action on China.  Now we must take the same action with Europe.  We will not delay.  I will never hesitate to take any necessary steps to protect the lives, health, and safety of the American people.  I will always put the wellbeing of America first.

If we are vigilant — and we can reduce the chance of infection, which we will — we will significantly impede the transmission of the virus.  The virus will not have a chance against us.

No nation is more prepared or more resilient than the United States.  We have the best economy, the most advanced healthcare, and the most talented doctors, scientists, and researchers anywhere in the world.

We are all in this together.  We must put politics aside, stop the partisanship, and unify together as one nation and one family.

As history has proven time and time again, Americans always rise to the challenge and overcome adversity.

Our future remains brighter than anyone can imagine.  Acting with compassion and love, we will heal the sick, care for those in need, help our fellow citizens, and emerge from this challenge stronger and more unified than ever before.

God bless you, and God bless America.  Thank you.

END

9:12 P.M. EDT