【飞洋在线】罕见!CNN揭秘Antifa真面目:视暴力为必要手段

最近两年,美国爆发的暴力冲突中常常出现一群黑衣蒙面人,他们手持棍棒,带着头盔,打人,砸店,纵火。这些人属于一个叫Antifa的组织,号称反法西斯,虽然最近有不少人被捕,但是警方极少公布他们的身份,也不介绍这个组织的真实情况。CNN昨天发表了一篇文章,第一次通过采访Antifa组织成员,揭开了他们的真面目。

要点:
起源于纳粹时期的德国,90年代出现在美国;
成员多是年轻人,底层无业游民居多;
崇尚暴力,认为暴力攻击是必要手段;
反政府,仇富,反世贸;
仇恨警察,蔑视法律;
属于极左(hard left);
有些美国城市已经禁止蒙面游行。




以下摘自CNN,飞洋在线翻译:

反法西斯和黑衣蒙面的行头起源于纳粹德国,80年代再现于英国。美国首次出现大规模Antifa示威是1999年,在西雅图抗议世界贸易组织(WTO),最近则出现在占领华尔街运动中。

Anti-fascists and the black bloc tactic originated in Nazi Germany and resurfaced in United Kingdom in the 1980s. Large numbers of Antifa activists first appeared in the United States at anti-World Trade Organization protests in 1999 in Seattle, and then more recently during the Occupy Wall Street movement.

他们经常诉诸暴力。Antifa的领导承认,只要有人攻击他们或者纵容种族主义,他们就会暴力攻击,只要目的是消除仇恨。

And their methods are often violent. Antifa leaders admit they’re willing to physically attack anyone who employs violence against them or who condones racism — as long as force is used in the name of eradicating hatred.

Antifa常常毫不犹豫地破坏财产,很多成员认为财产是贫富不均的象征。

Antifa activists often don’t hesitate to destroy property, which many see as the incarnation of unfair wealth distribution.

对那些没有攻击他们的人,Antifa成员有时候也会暴力相向。Crow说,这场运动把另类右派(Alt-Right)的仇恨言论定义为暴力行为,所以,Antifa会以暴制暴。

Antifa members also sometimes launch attacks against people who aren’t physically attacking them. The movement, Crow said, sees alt-right hate speech as violent, and for that, its activists have opted to meet violence with violence.

虽然Antifa成员不能一概而论,他们说很多人是千禧世代的人(80后,90后为主),而且生活在社会的边缘:无证移民,变性人,低收入群体,总之不是有稳定工作的上班族。

While Antifa members don’t fit a single category, they say many are millennials and many live on society’s fringes: undocumented immigrants, transgender people, low-wage workers, those who don’t conform to the traditional 9-to-5.

希拉里的副总统搭档,参议员Tim Kaine的儿子,今年三月份在明尼苏达的反川游行中被捕,他当时一身黑衣,和一组Antifa成员在一起。他面临轻罪指控,下月出庭。Kaine的发言人说他只是在和平示威,没有参与破坏行为。

When the son of Sen. Tim Kaine, the 2016 Democratic nominee for vice president, was arrested in Minnesota in March after protesting at a pro-Trump rally, he was dressed in black bloc alongside a group of Antifa supporters. He faces misdemeanor charges and has not yet entered a plea but will be in court next month. A Kaine spokesperson said he was peacefully protesting, and wasn’t disruptive.

我们蒙面是为了掩盖身份,对吧?也正因为这样,我们才可以到处活动,为所欲为,不管是不是非法。所以(蒙面)意味着可以躲避警察,很多Antifa成员把警察当作敌人。

“People put on the masks so that we can all become anonymous, right? And then, therefore, we are able to move more freely and do what we need to do, whether it is illegal or not,” he said. And that means avoiding police, whom many Antifa members see as an enemy.

波特兰警方发言人Simpson说,他们今年6月在一场暴力冲突中逮捕了一批Antifa成员,”我们收缴了一大批武器,或者可以用作武器的东西,有刀,指节铜环,棍棒,砖头,酒瓶子,链条等等。百分之百肯定,他们全副武装,就是来打架的。”

“We did seize a large number of weapons or things that could be used as weapons,” Simpson said. “Everything from knives to brass knuckles to poles and sticks and bricks and bottles and road flares and chains. One hundred percent, they came geared up to fight if it would be allowed.”

原文链接:http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/18/us/unmasking-antifa-anti-fascists-hard-left/index.html

(翻译部分完)

虽然CNN的文章也在为Antifa开脱,认为有些成员坚信自己是为正义而战,而且一如既往谴责川普,但是他们能够采访这些人还是很有意义,听他们亲口说出Antifa鼓励打砸抢这样的话更有说服力。

CNN的文章从采访19岁的Keval Bhatt开始。他的父母是来自印度的第一代移民,他小时候的理想是去美国宇航局工作,或者在大学做科研。但是今年一月,他参加了Antifa抗议川普就职大典的活动,被捕并被控以煽动暴乱的重罪。那天Antifa成员纵火,砸店,还袭击警察,总共214人面临指控。Bhatt说自己有了犯罪记录,估计只能去社区服务这些地方工作了。但是他表示绝不会放弃Antifa抗议活动,上周,他也去了维吉尼亚,汽车撞人时他在现场。

Antifa去抗议有可能是挣钱的。DailyCaller 和 Breitbart 等媒体通过报税数据,证明这些组织得到大量左派基金会的捐款。网上也流传很多截图,显示这些组织招募抗议者,提供培训,外加工资。另外有人证实,这伙儿黑衣蒙面人经常同时出现,到点之后一起离开。

这些幕后组织,出钱招募底层暴民,去各种集会惹是生非,制造骚乱,目的是什么?

而且,这些暴力行为被贴上正义的标签,所以质疑的声音往往被媒体压制:你反对”反法西斯”,你难道支持法西斯吗?这种颠倒黑白的做法在社交媒体,包括微信群,更加普遍。

川普针对维吉尼亚的发言就是典型的例子:

川普:我以最强烈的方式谴责暴力,我们必须团结,暴乱双方都有责任
媒体:你没有单挑出白人至上谴责,你一定支持白人至上!
川普:我谴责白人至上,KKK和白人民族主义者
媒体:你晚了两天才说,你就是支持白人至上!
川普:我要等调查结果才能表态啊!再说,你去看视频,两方都有坏人,不是吗?
媒体:反正你是支持白人至上!

苹果的CEO库克给员工发信:”我不同意总统和其他人的说法,认为白人至上和纳粹,与那些为了人权而反对他们的人在道德上有等同性。给他们划上等号违背了美国人民的价值观。”

“I disagree with the president and others who believe that there is a moral equivalence between white supremacists and Nazis, and those who oppose them by standing up for human rights. Equating the two runs counter to our ideals as Americans.” – Tim Cook

说得多好,不愧是苹果的老总。只是他忘了一件事,指出川普在哪里给他们划等号了?川普多次反复强调他谴责白人至上,只是指出这次骚乱也有左派暴民的责任,无数视频和目击者都证实他说的是事实,但是在这个扭曲的社会,一句真话可以被任意曲解。

这种站在道德制高点,同时控制舆论,先给你按一个罪名,然后大加批判的做法,看来全世界都一样?

所幸的是,老百姓最终还是反对暴力的。随着冲突越来越多,更多人会看清真相。现在白宫网站上有一个请愿书,呼吁政府把Antifa定性为恐怖组织,不到3天已近10万签名,而且还在飞速增长:




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